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Category: Medical Reference

Unstable Angina ?>

Unstable Angina

Unstable Angina Unstable angina is a condition more serious than stable angina and less serious than an actual heart attack. Stable angina is chest pain from a temporary decrease in oxygen to the heart that is caused by exertion and goes away with rest. A heart attack is a prolonged decrease in oxygen to the heart that results in permanent damage to the heart. What is going on in the body?

UPJ Obstruction ?>

UPJ Obstruction

UPJ Obstruction The renal pelvis is the structure that drains urine from the kidneys. The tube that carries the urine from the renal pelvis into the bladder is called the ureter. The narrow area where these two structures meet is called the ureteropelvic junction (UPJ). A blockage in the UPJ can inhibit the flow of urine. What is going on in the body?

Upper Respiratory Infection – Colds ?>

Upper Respiratory Infection – Colds

Upper Respiratory Infection – Colds A cold is a viral infection that affects the upper airway including the nose, pharynx, throat, airways, and lungs. What is going on in the body? The common cold is the most common reason that people miss work or school. There are at least 200 different viruses that cause colds. These include rhinoviruses and coronaviruses, and they are different from the viruses that cause the flu. Cold viruses are very contagious. They are airborne and…

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Upper GI and Small Bowel Series ?>

Upper GI and Small Bowel Series

Upper GI and Small Bowel Series An upper GI and small bowel series is a special X-ray test. It allows the doctor to see the upper part of the digestive tract. This area includes the esophagus, the stomach, and the small intestines. Who is a candidate for the test?

CAD – Coronary Heart Disease ?>

CAD – Coronary Heart Disease

CAD – Coronary Heart Disease Coronary heart disease, or CHD, refers to the narrowing of the coronary arteries that supply blood to the heart. CHD is a progressive disease that increases the risk of heart attack and sudden death. What is going on in the body? In order for the heart to pump as it should, the heart muscle needs a steady supply of oxygen-rich blood. This blood is delivered by the coronary arteries. Two main vessels branch out to…

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Aging Changes in the Heart and Blood Vessels ?>

Aging Changes in the Heart and Blood Vessels

Aging Changes in the Heart and Blood Vessels Aging changes in the heart and blood vessels are normal changes that occur as a person gets older. What is the information for this topic? In a healthy individual without heart disease, the heart stays the same size or may increase slightly in size with age. The number of heart muscle cells decreases with age. Fat and other material is also deposited into the heart muscle as it ages. These deposits cause…

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Cluster Headaches ?>

Cluster Headaches

Cluster Headaches Cluster headaches are headaches that are spaced close together. They often occur 1 to 2 times a day for several weeks. This cycle of headaches may suddenly stop altogether but can reappear weeks or even years later. What is going on in the body? The cause of cluster headaches is unknown. Experts believe that they begin in the part of the brain that manages daily changes in the function of body organs. What are the causes and risks…

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Chapped Lips ?>

Chapped Lips

Chapped Lips Chapped lips are a result of very dry skin on the lips. Dry skin occurs when the moisture, or water, content of the skin is decreased for any reason. What is going on in the body?

Cancer of the Throat and Larynx ?>

Cancer of the Throat and Larynx

Cancer of the Throat and Larynx Cancer in the throat occurs in the passages from the neck to the rest of the body. This includes the voice box, or larynx, and the areas behind the oral cavity, known as the pharynx. What is going on in the body? The throat is exposed to every substance a person takes into the body whether by breathing, drinking, or eating. Some of these substances, especially tobacco, can cause severe damage to the cells…

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Brain Tumor ?>

Brain Tumor

Brain Tumor Brain tumors are masses of cells that grow within the brain. Slow-growing cells may form a benign, or noncancerous, tumor. Abnormal cells that grow rapidly may form a cancerous tumor. What is going on in the body? The brain is tightly contained within the closed cavity of the skull. There is very little extra room within the bony skull cavity. A growing brain tumor can destroy brain cells directly. Or, it may put pressure on the nearby tissue…

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