Breast reduction, technically known as reduction mammaplasty, removes fat, glandular
tissue, & skin from the breasts, making them smaller, lighter, firmer & perkier. It can also
reduce the size of the areola, the darker skin surrounding the nipple. The goal is to give the
woman smaller, better-shaped breasts in proportion with the rest of her body.
CANDIDATES FOR BREAST REDUCTION:
Women who demonstrate physical pain, usually in the back or shoulders, caused by the
excessive weight of large breasts. The excess volume, can also cause skin irritation
underneath the breast. Women who have difficulty finding clothes that fit, because their
breasts are too large in proportion to their body frame; who have one breast that is much
larger than the other and dissatisfaction of their self-image because of large breasts.
Unusually large breasts can make a woman-or a teenage girl-feel extremely self-conscious.
Breast reduction is usually performed for physical relief rather than simply cosmetic
improvement. Most women who have the surgery are troubled by very large, sagging
breasts that restrict their activities and cause them physical discomfort.
In most cases, breast reduction isn’t performed until a woman’s breasts are fully developed;
however, it can be done earlier if large breasts are causing serious physical discomfort.
Breast reduction is not recommended for women who intend to breast-feed.
CONSULTATION & PREPARATION:
Every patient-and physician, as well-has a different view of what is a desirable size and
shape for breasts. We will discuss the variables that may affect the procedure-such as your
age, the size and shape of your breasts, and the condition of your skin. The nipple and
areola will be positioned will be moved higher during the procedure, and will be
approximately even with the crease beneath your breasts. The procedure will be explained
in detail along with its risks and limitations; and the scarring that will result
RISKS & COMPLICATIONS:
Breast reduction is not a simple operation, but it’s normally safe when performed by a
qualified plastic surgeon. As with any surgery, there is always a possibility of complications,
including bleeding, infection, or reaction to the anesthesia.
The procedure does leave noticeable, permanent scars, although they’ll be covered by your
bra or bathing suit. The procedure can also leave you with slightly mismatched breasts or
unevenly positioned nipples. Breast lift surgery will not interfere with the ability to breast-
feed if the milk ducts are left intact. Some patients may experience a permanent loss of
feeling in their nipples or breasts.
Breast reduction surgery may be performed as an outpatient surgery ; however if you are
admitted to the hospital, your stay will be a short one.
The surgery is performed under general anaesthesia, so you will sleep throughout the
3 – 5 Hours
Techniques vary, but the most common procedure involves an anchor-shaped incision
(inverted T) that circles the areola, extends downward, and follows the natural curve of the
crease beneath the breast. The surgeon removes excess glandular tissue, fat, and skin, and
moves the nipple and areola into their new position. He or she then brings the skin from
both sides of the breast down and around the areola, shaping the new contour of the breast.
Liposuction may be used to remove excess fat from the armpit area.
In some cases, techniques can be used that eliminate the vertical part of the scar.
THE RECOVERY PERIOD:
After surgery, you’ll be wrapped in an elastic bandage or a surgical bra over gauze
dressings. A small tube may be placed in each breast to drain off blood and fluids for the
first day or two.You may feel some pain for the first couple of days.
The bandages will be removed a day or two after surgery. You will continue wearing the
surgical bra around the clock for several weeks, until the swelling and bruising subside.
Your stitches will be removed in 1 -3 weeks.
You can expect some loss of feeling in your nipples and breast skin, caused by the swelling
after surgery. This usually fades over the next six weeks or in some it may last a year or
more:occasionally it may be permanent.
You should avoid lifting or pushing anything heavy for 3-4 weeks. You may be instructed to
avoid sex for a week or more, since sexual arousal can cause your incisions to swell. Return
to work is between 1 to 2 weeks. Strenuous activities may be resumed in 1 month.
Breast reduction scars are remain lumpy and red for months, then gradually become less
obvious, sometimes eventually fading to thin white lines over several months to more than a
year. Fortunately, the scars can usually be placed so that one can wear low-cut tops.
THE NEW LOOK:
It may be 6 months to a year before your breasts settle into their new shape. Of all plastic
surgery procedures, breast reduction results in the quickest body-image changes. You’ll be
rid of the physical discomfort of large breasts, your body will look better proportioned, and
clothes will fit you better.