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Category: Blood Disorders

Ministroke – Transient Ischemic Attack ?>

Ministroke – Transient Ischemic Attack

Ministroke – Transient Ischemic Attack A transient ischemic attack (TIA) is an injury to the brain caused by a temporary interruption in its blood supply. A TIA is like a stroke, except that it lasts only a brief time. What is going on in the body? During a transient ischemic attack, there is a lack of blood flow to a portion of the brain. This causes symptoms in the body depending on the part of the brain that is affected….

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Small for Gestational Age – Intrauterine Growth Retardation ?>

Small for Gestational Age – Intrauterine Growth Retardation

Small for Gestational Age – Intrauterine Growth Retardation Intrauterine growth retardation, or IUGR, is a condition in which a fetus grows at a slower rate than expected. What is going on in the body? There are expected ranges of growth for a fetus at a given gestational age. The growth of a fetus depends on the health and nutrition of the mother and the health of the fetus. IUGR may occur if the health of the placenta or its blood…

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Pregnancy-Induced Hypertension (PIH) – Preeclampsia ?>

Pregnancy-Induced Hypertension (PIH) – Preeclampsia

Pregnancy-Induced Hypertension (PIH) – Preeclampsia Preeclampsia is high blood pressure that develops or increases during pregnancy. The condition usually occurs after the 20th week of pregnancy. What is going on in the body? The placenta is the spongy material in the mother’s uterus that nourishes the fetus. Some experts believe that a problem with the placenta causes preeclampsia. The mother has spasms of the blood vessels, which increase her blood pressure. The blood flow to the placenta is impaired. If…

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DIL – Drug-Induced Lupus Erythematosus ?>

DIL – Drug-Induced Lupus Erythematosus

DIL – Drug-Induced Lupus Erythematosus Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune disorder that affects many parts of the body. An autoimmune disorder is a condition in which the body creates antibodies against its own tissues. Antibodies are cells that usually fight off infections or foreign material that enters the body. In the case of SLE, the antibodies attack the body’s own tissues. Drug-induced lupus erythematosus causes a similar condition, but it is caused by a medicine. What is going…

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Brain Attack – Stroke ?>

Brain Attack – Stroke

Brain Attack – Stroke A stroke is the death of brain tissue that occurs when the brain does not get enough blood and oxygen. What is going on in the body? Strokes are classified as ischemic strokes or hemorrhagic strokes. Ischemic strokes happen when the blood supply to the brain is interrupted. The brain cells then die from lack of oxygen. Hemorrhagic strokes occur when blood vessels in the brain burst and release blood into the area around the brain…

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BMT – Bone Marrow Transplant ?>

BMT – Bone Marrow Transplant

BMT – Bone Marrow Transplant Bone marrow is a spongy tissue found in the center of many bones in the human body. The following bones contain either the red or yellow form of bone marrow: upper arm lower leg ribs breast bone vertebra of the spine Blood cells are made in the bone marrow. Immature blood cells in the bone marrow, called stem cells, divide and mature to form various types of mature blood cells. These include: red blood cells…

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Bleeding Disorders ?>

Bleeding Disorders

Bleeding Disorders Bleeding disorders include a wide range of medical problems that lead to poor blood clotting and excessive bleeding. What is going on in the body? Blood clotting occurs when blood changes from a liquid to a semisolid state. Normal blood clotting should occur after trauma that causes bleeding. Within seconds of an injury, tiny cells in the blood, called platelets, bunch together at the site of the wound. Blood proteins, platelets, calcium, and other tissue factors react together…

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Aplastic Anemia ?>

Aplastic Anemia

Aplastic Anemia Aplastic anemia is a condition in which the bone marrow fails to produce blood cells. What is going on in the body? The bone marrow contains special cells known as stem cells. Stem cells are like infant cells. They may develop into red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets. Red blood cells carry oxygen throughout the body. White blood cells fight infection. Platelets control bleeding by forming blood clots in certain situations. Blood cells have a limited…

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Aortic Regurgitation ?>

Aortic Regurgitation

Aortic Regurgitation Aortic regurgitation is a condition in which blood flows backwards into the left side of the heart through the aortic valve. The aortic valve is a flap-like opening located between the left side of the heart and the aorta. The aorta is the main artery carrying blood from the heart. What is going on in the body? The heart is divided into two halves, right and left. Each side has a pumping chamber, called a ventricle. The left…

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Aortic Insufficiency – Aortic Regurgitation ?>

Aortic Insufficiency – Aortic Regurgitation

Aortic Insufficiency – Aortic Regurgitation Aortic regurgitation is a condition in which blood flows backwards into the left side of the heart through the aortic valve. The aortic valve is a flap-like opening located between the left side of the heart and the aorta. The aorta is the main artery carrying blood from the heart. What is going on in the body? The heart is divided into two halves, right and left. Each side has a pumping chamber, called a…

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